مقاله انگلیسی برنامه ریزی تخلیه بی خطر و انعطاف پذیر شهری

25 شهریور 1397 | 13:40

مقاله انگلیسی برنامه ریزی تخلیه بی خطر و انعطاف پذیر شهری
عنوان فارسی مقاله: برنامه ریزی تخلیه بی خطر و انعطاف پذیر شهری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Bi-objective safe and resilient urban evacuation planning☆
مجله/کنفرانس: European Journal of Operational Research
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت بحران
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Humanitarian logistics; OR in disaster relief; Urban evacuation planning; Cell-transmission model; Resilience
نوع نگارش مقاله: پژوهشی - research
نمایه: scopus - master journals - JCR
DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2018.02.050
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنالی
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF): 3.428(2017)
شاخص H_index: 211
SJR: 2.437
شناسه ISSN: 0377-2217
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 15
کد محصول: EN99
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب
Abstract

Introduction

Literature overview
-Cell-transmission-based evacuation planning
-Resilience in evacuation planning

Cell-transmission-based evacuation planning for urban areas
-General assumptions
-The cell-transmission-based evacuation planning model

Resilient evacuation planning for urban areas
-The resilient cell-transmission-based evacuation planning model
-Unreasonable evacuation routes
--Constraint method
-The resilient path-based cell-transmission-based evacuation planning model

Path-generation-algorithm
-The master problem of the PGA
-The sub-problem of the PGA
-Post-processing procedure
-Stopping criteria

Computational study
-Test bed
-Test procedure
-Results of the computational study

Conclusion and outlook

References
نمونه متن انگلیسی
Abstract

We consider an urban evacuation scenario with the objective to minimize the overall hazard under various restrictions, e.g. rescuing all evacuees. The relevant parameters are generally assumed as deterministic, although such a situation is characterized by uniqueness and is subject to many uncertainties. We thus take uncertainties with respect to street capacities into account and introduce the aspect of resilience in the context of evacuation planning. This resilience aspect is implemented by utilizing the available street capacities in a more balanced way. For balancing the utilization of the street capacities, we accept a predetermined increase in the minimum hazard level. We present a new bi-objective path-based evacuation model based on the assumptions of the Cell-Transmission Model (CTM). We deal with the two conflicting objective functions by applying the ϵ-Constraint Method. Furthermore, we present a special path algorithm that generates the evacuation path in line with our special requirements. We verify the meaningfulness of our proposed idea of resilient evacuation planning in a computational study. Additionally, the study shows some interesting revelations e.g., the more street capacities are blocked, the greater the benefit of the new approach.
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